Statistics show that every year a large number of people including teenagers, young, and adults are becoming addicted of drugs and alcohol. This addiction is making them weak physically as well as psychologically. This made their life a failure. To streamline their lives again and to include them in lively activities, different procedures are adopted. These procedures or methods are referred to as rehabs drugs and alcohol. Rehabilitation of drugs and alcohol addicted is a sequence of psychotherapeutic and medical treatments that are developed to relieve the addicted person from dependence on drugs towards self independence.
There are different types of drug rehab programs that are implemented in different situation such as residential treatment, out-patient treatment, extended care centres, local support group, and half-way houses. Rehabs process can be categorised as follows:
Counselling and medical treatment
This step includes the first and to some extent second stage of treatment. Psychological counselling of patient is the first step that motivates the person to get rid of addiction of drugs and alcohol. When patient is ready to move away from the drugs, his willingness makes the rest of procedure fast. Initial addicts do not need any medical treatment, as they do not develop any pathological changes. But chronic patients of drug addiction that has developed pathological changes in their bodies require medical treatment also. These people require intensive care and observation to go through rehabilitation process. Their therapeutic treatment is necessary so that they can get relief from their ailments and can return to healthy life.
Training of self control
In training session, addicts are taught by doctors or psychologists the methods to control their desire for drugs and also techniques that can be implemented to reduce it. Methods of self assessments and tips to change their habits are also discussed with them and they are encouraged to use these methods and tips. At this level, multiple exercises are introduced to the addicts that can help increasing their will, as this battle against drugs and alcohol can be won only with the will power weapon of the addict. Diverse productive skills should be introduced to them such as painting, gardening, art and craft, and much more so that they can make them busy and optimistic.
Follow up of rehabilitation treatment in very important step. Many people ignore it and as a result treated patients again return to their drug habits. This stage involves observation of patients’ routines after getting free from regular rehabilitation treatment. In their life, they meet many challenging situations, which they can’t handle and as a result again seek refuge in drugs and alcohol. To discourage this tendency, treated people must have follow up sessions with their doctor and psychologists and discuss their problems with them.
Siblings and Friends guidance
Friends and relatives can play strong and vital role in rehabs process. So, they must be contacted and trained by medical team of rehabs centres. They should be taught how they can bring their loved ones back to normal life. How they can assist their comrades to get rid of addiction of drugs and alcohol. All these approaches work collectively to bring addicts to normal stream of life.